Participatory Integrated
Development Society








Text Box: ANNUAL  REPORT 2001








Text Box: PIDS – Participatory Integrated Development Society
11 – A, Chaman Housing Scheme, Quetta
Phone. 831224   Fax. 831284

PIDS Vision


PIDS mission is to facilitate the process of sustainable community development through a set of services in water, sanitation, education and human resource development with special focus on women.



PIDS Mandate


¨       Support deserving communities’ access to safe drinking water;

¨       Assist people towards hygienic and healthy living conditions through awareness, training and provision of sanitation facilities;

¨       Develop human resources in education, water and sanitation sector;

¨       Enhance literacy and improve quality of education;

¨       Sensitize communities towards gender issues;

¨       Advocacy to generate greater support for PIDS programs; and

¨       To collaborate with other stakeholders on issues of public interest.



PIDS Objectives


¨       To facilitate improved living conditions among the communities through provision of certain community physical infrastructure (CPI) services, solid waste management and hygiene education;

¨       To facilitate literacy enhancement through formal and non-formal education;

¨       To develop human resources in PIDS program areas through establishment of Human Resource Development Center; and

¨       To undertake program based advocacy in order to create better policy environment and practices.



PIDS Registration


PIDS got registration in 1999 under Societies Act of Pakistan.














List of Abbreviations and Acronyms








Executive Summary




Chapter 1.




1.         Projects implemented in 2001




1.1.         Quetta Kachi Abadi Environmental Management Program (QKAEMP)




1.2.         Boring and installation of Tube well in Muslimbagh





1.3.         Sanitation Acceleration Programme, Lasbela District






1.3.1.      Advocacy & Social Mobilization




1.3.2.      Capacity Building




1.3.3.      Service Delivery




1.4.         Primary Environmental Care at Government Primary Schools in Turbat District





1.4.1.      Advocacy & Social Mobilization





1.4.2.      Capacity Building




1.4.3.      Service Delivery




1.5.         safe drinking water and sanitation in ziarat district





1.6.         safe drinking water in Zhob district





1.7.         Instalation of handpumps in kalat and awaran districts





1.8.         provision of safe drinking water in drought affcted areas of panjgoor, killa Abdullah and turbat districts






Chapter 2.




2.         Project Preview 1999 – 2000




2.1.         Rural Development Programme




2.2.         Primary Environmental Care for Girls Primary School Quetta





2.3.         Installation of Hand Pumpss in Government Girls Primary Schools at Turbat and Kharan






2.4.         Social Mobilization for billing and teriff collection in Kharan, Hub, Mastung and Kuchlak






2.5.         Primary Environmental Care for Girls Primary School in Turbat and Kharan Districts






2.6.         Sanitation Acceleration Programme in Lasbela District





2.7.         Participatory Learning and Action




2.8.         installationof hand pumps in Ziarat and Awaran Districts





2.9.         Quetta Kachi Abadies Environmental Management Programme (QKAEMP)





2.10.       Drought Relief Activities




Chapter 3.




3.         Linkages




3.1.         Collaboration with LGRDD, GoB and other Development Agencies





3.1.1.      Collaboration with GoB, LGRDD




3.1.2.      UNDP-Area Development Programme




3.1.3.      UNDP-Trial District Management Project




3.1.4.      Community Development in Coordination with SEHER (NGO)





3.1.5.      Coordination with NGOs, Based Outside Balochistan





Chapter 4.




4.         Lesson Learnt




4.1.         Community Involvement




4.2.         Women Involvement               




4.3.         Quality of work





Chapter 5.




5.         Human Resource Development




5.1.         Human Resource Policy




5.2.         Skill development and capacity building










A:         Background of the BRUWAS Project


B:         Audit Report 2001 by the Chartered Accountant


C:         Income Expenditure Statement






















List of Abbreviations and Acronyms


PIDS               Participatory Integrated Development Society

PECGPS       Primary Environmental Care Girls Primary School

FLAAHE        Focused Local Area Approach Hygiene Education

PHED             Public Health Engineering Department

PLA                Participatory Learning and Action

KPP                Khushal Pakistan Programme

QKAEMP       Quetta Kachi Abbadies Environmental Management Programme

NGORC         Non Government Organization Resource Center

FRC                Frontier Resource Center

PIWT              Pakistan Insaf Welfare Trust

TVO                Trust for Voluntary Organization

BRUWAS      Balochistan Rural Water & Sanitation Project

LGRDD          Local Government & Rural Development Department

GOB               Government Of Balochistan

HANDS          Health and Nutrition Development Society

PRA                Participatory Rural Appraisal

PFL                Pour Flush Latrine

MIS                 Management Information System

HPCTs           Hand Pump Care Takers

PAIGE            PAIGE International Ltd.

GGPS             Govt. Girls Primary School

GPS                Girls Primary School

DEO               District Education Officer

SDEO             Sub Divisional Education Officer











PIDS extends its heartiest appreciation to the community members who participated in the social mobilization process right from identification, planning, and implementation and till the monitoring stage. The cooperation and coordination of the community members with the PIDS staff formed a well-integrated and dynamic team following the sprit of “partnership”, continues support and vision extended by the PIDS Board of Governors always been a very big support through out the year and the keen factor in all its achievements.


Acknowledgement is also due to the national press, which prominently displayed our community-oriented activities undertaken over a large part of the Province.


PIDS acknowledge the full support received from Government functionaries, Donors and monitoring team for timely completion of their projects for the benefit of needy communities of this Province.











Executive Summary



This document represents the efforts made by the PIDS – “Participatory Integrated Development Society”, a community development organization in facilitating the rural and semi urban communities of Balochistan on participatory approach.


PIDS emerged from the BRUWAS Project, which was funded by the Netherlands Government and Government of Balochistan along with a supplementary support of UNICEF. The fundamental aim of establishing PIDS is to carry on the efforts made under BRUWAS project to improve health and living conditions of rural population and contribute towards the community development processes in Balochistan, in the sector of provision and promotion of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene education with active community involvement.


Recently PIDS has started addressing the education sector. The results of the intervention are very encouraging and PIDS is planning to enhance its scope of work in the sector of prime importance.


In July 1999 at the time of winding up of the BRUWAS Project, the donors as well as Government of Balochistan (LGRDD) made a great contribution in the establishment of PIDS by having agreement on the transfer of limited number of assets along with a six months financial assistance as seed money.


In the year of 2000 UNICEF, Royal Netherlands Embassy, and Public Health Engineering Department assisted PIDS for its proposed projects and Government of Balochistan in the sector of water supply under Poverty Alleviation Programme, Catholic Relief Services, and UNICEF for Drought Relief activities.


In 2001 UNICEF, Royal Netherlands Embassy, Insaf Welfare Trust, and Government of Balochistan assisted PIDS for the implementation of projects in the sector of water, sanitation and hygiene education.


In 2001 PIDS also signed a contract with NGO Resource Center Karachi (a project of Agha Khan Foundation) for organizational development process. NGO RC Karachi conducted four workshops with PIDS staff and Members of Board of Governors for the preparation of strategic plan and capacity building of the organizational staff.


Strengthening of its human resources has always been a priority of PIDS. In 2001 PIDS staff participated in the different training programme organized by different organizations, within as well as out-side the country.


PIDS also played its due role towards the human assistance relief activities for the Afghan Refugees living in the camps near Panjpai with the assistance of UNHCR, UNICEF, Islamic Relief UK and other donor agencies.


In 2001 PIDS established linkages with the NGOs and donors in and outside the Province for the promotion of the programme and future sustainability of the organization.

1.4.   Primary Environmental Care at Government Primary Schools in Turbat District


Sanitation Acceleration Programme at Turbat District is assisted by UNICEF and has the following main components:-


Ø      Advocacy and social mobilization;

Ø      Capacity building; and

Ø      Service delivery.


1.4.1.  Advocacy & Social Mobilization


Under advocacy and social mobilization PIDS organized 25 awareness creation  / social mobilization meeting at village levels. These meeting were found most effective enabling PIDS to promote its self-help approach for community development. A large number of participants represented including men and women from the target village.



One School hygiene competition organized at district level. A large no of participants including teacher’s notables and children from different schools attended the event. This activity remains very useful as awareness creation activity. The activity also provided an opportunity to create hygiene awareness & promotion of low cost sanitation system through the most effective element of the society i.e. children



Regular coordination committee meeting held with an interval of 2-3 months helped a lot in bringing the implementing partners i.e. NGO and Govt. staff at same frequency of mind by progress review & future planning.




1.4.2.  Capacity Building


Under capacity building PIDS conducted training of the PTSMCs and CBOs on operation and maintenance of WES facilities at village level. PIDS also organized with the coordination of Education Department the training of 64 school teachers for operation and maintaining of WES facilities and imparting knowledge of basic hygiene concept.


A new activity to involve the girls guides of the schools was first time taken up by the PIDS with the assistance of UNICEF. Under the activity 50 school  girls guides and 5 teachers were trained in the basic hygiene concept. The activity was very effective, the DC of the Ketch district was present at the closing ceremony and appreciated the efforts of the UNICEF in promoting good hygiene practices. The girls guide during the follow up visitt apart from the school, they are also creating awarness and practicing the good hygiene practices in thier neighthoods.


1.4.3.  Service Delivery



Under service delivery PIDS has installed 25 Hand pumps in the Govt. Primary Schools in Ketch district with the community participation and rehabilitated 25 latrines in the school. The teacher training material and hygiene kits were also distributed in the school to promote good hygiene practices.


1.5.   safe drinking water and sanitation in ziarat district


With the assistance of Trust for Voluntary Organization (TVO) Quetta, PIDS managed to install 25 hand pumps and constructed 50 latrines in Kach Union Council of Ziart District with the active involvement of the local CBO and beneficiaries. Apart from the physical work, PIDS managed to impart training on hygiene education to male and female groups. The project was completed successfully and appreciated by the monitoring team of the TVO.



1.6.   safe drinking water in Zhob district



With the Gas Survey Company, PAIGE International Ltd., PIDS installed 9 hand pumps on the site identified in Zhob and Muslimbagh Districts. This project was for the welfare of drought-affected people for the provision of safe drinking water in the specific area. The total numbers of male and female beneficiaries of the project were 1,080.



1.7.   Instalation of handpumps in kalat and awaran districts



Under the Khushal Pakistan Programme (KPP) February to June 2001, PIDS managed to install 14 hand pumps in Kalat and 200 hand pumps in Awaran Districts. Working with the Government officials was a good experience. The time factor from the Government was very tight, but with the help of trained staff, and good linkages with the factory, PIDS managed to install hand pumps in time.


1.8.   provision of safe drinking water in drought affcted areas of panjgoor, killa Abdullah and turbat districts

PIDS managed to install 120 hand pumps in the Panjgoor, Killa Abdullah, Killa Saifullah and Turbat Districts though community mobilization with the financial support of Pakistan Insaf Welfare Trust (PIWT). Work done in the remote areas of the targeted Districts under the project was monitored by the Trustees and appreciated.











Chapter 1.


1.   Projects  implemented in 2001


This chapter provides description about the nature and type of project and their impact on the communities spread over a large part of the Province.


1.1.   Quetta Kachi Abadi Environmental Management Program (QKAEMP)


PIDS under QKAEMP project (an on-going) during 2001 managed to constructed 6,258 running feet of lane sewer, 200 PFLs in katchi abadies (urban slums) of Quetta city with fifty percent (50%) financial contribution by the beneficiaries, and introduced solid waste management program for the safe and clean environment in the katchi abadies of Kharootabad and Mominabad. PIDS also conducted local area workshops in the target areas for awareness creation. The Technical Advisor from Islamabad carried out the regular monitoring of the project areas and also the site was visited by the Federal Minister for Environment, Local Government & Rural Development Mr. Umar Asghar Khan (Late), and the Governor of Balochistan has also appreciated the efforts made under the project. The project was initially designed up till November 2002 but on the basis of good performance it was extended for another year out of its savings.




1.2.   Boring and installation of Tube well in Muslimbagh


Islamic Relief –UK supported boring and installation of tube wells in Village Bandat and Muslimbagh. The project was for the welfare of drought effective communities. The project was started in April 2001 and ended in October 2001 with boring, installation and energizing of the tube wells. Apart from the drinking water source, tube wells also helped in the economic uplift of the people of the area as the arid land is now being developed and is under cultivation in result of the availability of water from the tube wells for irrigation purpose.


The beneficiaries are very happy, as the tube well reduced the burden of female for fetching water from a long distance, and people are coming back to their village for settlement and development of lands for agriculture purpose.  After successful experience two new borings, which were done privately, started functioning in the area.


1.3.   Sanitation Acceleration Programme, Lasbela District


Sanitation Acceleration Programme at Bela Tehsil in Lasbela District is assisted by UNICEF and has the following main components:-


Ø      Advocacy and social mobilization;

Ø      Capacity building; and

Ø      Service delivery.



1.3.1.  Advocacy & Social Mobilization


Under advocacy and social mobilization PIDS organized 3 awareness creation / social mobilization seminars at union council levels. These seminars were found most effective, enabling PIDS to promote its self-help approach for community development. A large number of participants represented from all walks of life including men and women attended the seminars.



One school hygiene competition organized at sub- division level. A large number of participants including teachers, notables and children from different schools attended the event. This activity remains very useful as awareness creation activity. The activity also provided an opportunity to create hygiene awareness & promotion of low cost sanitation system through the most effective element of the society i.e. children.



Regular coordination committee meeting held with an interval of 2-3 months helped a lot in bringing the implementing partners (NGO,s CBO,s Govt:) at same frequency of mind by progress review & future planning.




1.3.2.  Capacity Building


Under capacity building PIDS conducted training of the participants at Provincial, District, Union Council and Village level. The trainings included: Training of

  Master Trainers, training on program implementation,

 teachers training on FLAAHE

,  hand pump caretaker trainings

,  mason training,

  hygiene education training to male and female at village level.


About 1,000 persons (in total) were trained on water & sanitation and hygiene related activities. It is hoped that these trainings will have positive impact on human life by adopting hygiene messages in daily life and by using technical know-how for the sustainable functioning of water and sanitation facilities.



1.3.3.  Service Delivery



Under service delivery PIDS has installed 24 hand pumps in four Union Councils of Sub – Division Bela. The estimated population benefited from these hand pump schemes is around 3,600 persons. It is hoped that these water supply schemes would contribute to the reduction of waterborne diseases particularly diarrhea.

 Apart from extensive sanitation promotion & training PIDS has also ensured the availability of latrine material and hand pump spare parts in the local hardware shops. The shopkeepers are asked to sell the material on down payment to the poor families. It is also hoped that the measures taken would have good impact on adoption of improved sanitation system.



Baseline data of the target villages has also been collected before intervention. The results can also be utilized for impact assessment studies when required.

















Chapter 3.


3.   Linkages


3.1.   Collaboration with LGRDD, GoB and other Development Agencies


Apart form the funding agencies PIDS also coordinated its activities with the following agencies.


Ø      Collaboration with GoB, LGRDD

Ø      UNDP-Area Development Program

Ø      UNDP-District Trail Management Project

Ø      PIDS also coordinated activities with SEHER (NGO)


3.1.1.  Collaboration with GoB, LGRDD


Currently working

PIDS staff was with the BRUWAS project that has good working relationship with the GoB, LGRDD. The same relationship was replicated in the newly established NGO. The management of PIDS approached DG, LGRDD and Water & Sanitation Section for coordination. The DG, LGRDD welcomed PIDS in planning, implementation and monitoring of the activities. LGRDD extended full support during the reporting period and to ensure regular collaboration a joint MOU has executed and signed by both the parties and circulated to all concerned. The copy of the MPU is placed at Annex “E”


3.1.2.  UNDP-Area Development Programme


PIDS with its fundamental policy to work in coordination with all development partners has established a good working relationship with an effective program of UNDP namely Area Development Program. The management of UNDP played an important role by highlighting the felt need of their target community and made arrangements for linkage between community and PIDS.



In response to community demand for water and sanitation facilities through UNDP, the management of PIDS decided to facilitate the targeted communities of Khuzdar and Kalat districts on self helps basis. PIDS in close coordination with UNDP Area Development Program has been able to complete 11 water supply facilities and household latrine. The community was found very cooperative and organized. The community full-filled all of their responsibilities well in time resulting in timely completion of the schemes.


3.1.3.  UNDP-Trial District Management Project


Trial District Management project of UNDP is working for development through good governance at District and Union Council level. One of the remote and undeveloped Union Council of Loralai District is the target area of UNDP Trial District Management project. On the basis of demand by the community through UNDP-Trial District Management project PIDS extended full cooperation to the scattered and needy community of Maikhtar. In the beginning PIDS implementation team faced difficulty due to the non-availability of complete construction material in time but this problem was rectified with the input of UNDP staff. It is worthwhile to mention that UNDP staff at Loralai and at Provincial level has been very supportive for making linkage between community and PIDS. Apart from this in few cases UNDP also made arrangements for the mobilization of PIDS staff enabling PIDS with timely completion of activity. This act of UNDP is highly appreciated and it is hoped that in the future such a coordinated efforts for development will be flourished manifolds.


3.1.4.  Community Development in Coordination with SEHER (NGO)


SEHER is Quetta based NGO working for the cause of poverty alleviation in District Kalat. On the request of coordinator, SEHER, PIDS made arrangement to have reconnaissance of the area for feasibility survey. The results of the feasibility survey encouraged PIDS to plan for intervention in the target area of SEHER. PIDS has the honour to place the very first water supply and sanitation facility, which was completed in coordination with SEHER. Community was found very positive regarding timely fulfillment of their responsibilities. It is hoped that this coordination will continue in future in the best interest of community and for the health and economic environment of non-government organization.



3.1.5.  Coordination with NGOs, Based Outside Balochistan


HANDS          (Karachi Based NGO)



FRC                (Frontier Resource Center)



NGORC         (NGO Resource Center of Agha Khan Foundation, Karachi)


Feroza Hashim Foundation









Chapter 4.


4.   Lesson Learnt



4.1.   Community Involvement


As mentioned the hand pumps and latrines were provided before start of PIDS, but community involvement was not addressed as required, so PIDS was established to ensure proper community involvement. 

The contribution for construction, proper hygiene education and to create sense of ownership we proudly announce that PIDS has achieved the desired targets and created the sense of ownership and awareness among the male and female community members to contribute for construction and participation in hygiene education. The methodology of specified meetings and structured activities definitely works, because PIDS involve major part of community, inform them about the packages, consult on their needs, preferences given to their segmentation, and their own situation really creating sense of ownership.



Only installation of facility and distribution of hardware is not a difficult job, but to ensure the community participation, women involvement, hygiene education, and sustainability to create sense of ownership is the difficult job. It requires resources in terms of mobilization of field staff, attractive printed materials for the communities and trained dedicated field staff including female to conduct the series of meetings with the community, which is expensive and time consuming. In the absence of resources needed the quality of work and physical progress will defiantly slow down. To tackle with the problem for achieving desired targets PIDS is providing staff with transportation.




4.2.   Women Involvement   



As mentioned earlier women are the fundamental users of the facilities so hiring and deployment of female staff at Provincial, District and Village level received special attention from PIDS. Therefore, we are announcing that we trained many female even at District level and now trained female staff is available in the sector for water, sanitation & hygiene education.


This will be injustice if we do not mention the commendable contribution of the female staff of PIDS towards the involvement of female community members in the programme because in the beginning it was difficult to get the permission of family elders to allow female to participate in the female meetings and now they are not only participating but also taking care of facility and also taking active part in site selection and trainings.


4.3.   Quality of work



Due to the proper involvement of community including female the quality of work atomically improved because every head of the family is now contributing for the facility.






Chapter 5.


5.   Human Resource Development



5.1.   Human Resource Policy



PIDS Human Resource policy is transparent and based on the non-discriminatory approach. Merit is the base for all type of recruitment in the organization. Preference is given to those candidates who have an exposure to work with the community. PIDS believes and practices participatory integrated approach in its working and people with such background are more valuable for the organization.


5.2.   Skill development and capacity building


Human resource is another important issue, which is specially focused by the organization. PIDS extends facility to its employees to participate in various trainings, workshops and seminars.






Annex ‘A’





Background of “BRUWAS”


1.      Background of Balochistan Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Education Project (BRUWAS)



Project began with the framework of the development co-operation between the Government of Pakistan and Netherlands The main objective of the project was to support the Government of Balochistan in the improvement of the supply of safe drinking water and sanitation to the rural population. The three major components of the project were:



i.                     Institutional strengthening;

ii.                   Community based field implementation; and

iii.                  Support to the private sector.


2.      Institutional Strengthening



A water and sanitation section has been consolidated within the Local Government & Rural Development Department, Government of Balochistan: organizational set up has been defined, staff being recruited and further trained, office has been equipped with furniture and vehicles for effective field operation. During regular provincial coordination meetings, the role of the section has been promoted as the coordinating body between all other agencies working in water supply and sanitation sector.



3.      Community Based Field Implementation


The implementation methodology, developed in the first phase has been adjusted on the basis of the field experiences. The core elements are the community participation, women involvement and hygiene education. All field staff has been thoroughly trained in this methodology and has received complete sets of training material. The methodology has been documented and promoted to most of the agencies working in RWSS in Pakistan.


The core elements of the methodology are now widely known at all levels. Most progress has been made in the field of women development. Close monitoring of the facilities through extensive field visits, has ensured a proper execution of the methodology and adequate quality of installation of the facilities.


4.      Support to the Private Sector


Practical collaboration was established with many CBO’s in the districts and all NGOs working in the field of RWSS. The attitude of both NGOs and Local Government has significantly improved towards a better collaboration over the years. A maintenance structure for hand pumps has been set up, with trained village caretakers in each village, 20 spare part shops all over the province, a wholesale shop in Quetta, with a direct link to the manufacturer of the hand pumps.






Annex ‘B’



Annex ‘C’